Preventive health screenings can detect disease in the early stages when it is treatable.

You know your body better than anyone else. Always tell your doctor or nurse about any changes in your health, including vision and hearing. Ask about being checked for any condition not just the ones listed here. Mentioned below is a list of the more common male diseases. Ask your doctor about any concerns or conditions not just the ones mentioned here. If you are wondering about prostate cancer screening, talk to your doctor. There are differing points of view about this health screening.

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

If you are between the ages of 65 and 75 and have ever been a smoker, talk to your doctor or nurse about being screened for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). AAA is a bulging in your abdominal aorta, the largest artery in your body. An AAA may burst, which can cause dangerous bleeding and death.

Colorectal Cancer

Have a screening test for colorectal cancer starting at age 50. If you have a family history of colorectal cancer, you may need to be screened earlier. Several different tests can detect this cancer. Your doctor can help you decide which is best for you.


Your emotional health is as important as your physical health. Talk to your doctor or nurse about being screened for depression especially if during the last two weeks:

  • You have felt down, sad, or hopeless.
  • You have felt little interest or pleasure in doing things.

Diabetes (Type 1, Type 2)

Get screened for diabetes type 1 or type 2 if your blood pressure is higher than 135/80 or if you take medication for high blood pressure. Diabetes type 1 or type 2 (high blood sugar) can cause problems with your heart, brain, eyes, feet, kidneys, nerves, and other body parts.

Take Preventive Medicines If You Need Them

If you are 45 or older, ask your doctor if you should take aspirin to prevent heart disease.


Heart Disease

Starting at age 18, have your blood pressure checked at least every 2 years. High blood pressure is 140/90 or higher. High blood pressure can cause strokes, heart attacks, kidney and eye problems, and heart failure.

If you are 35 or older, have your cholesterol checked. Have your cholesterol checked starting at age 20 if:


Talk with your health care team about HIV screening if any of these apply to you:

  • You have had unprotected sex with multiple partners
  • You have sex with men
  • You use or have used injection drugs
  • You exchange sex for money or drugs or have sex partners who do
  • You have or had a sex partner who is HIV-infected or injects drugs
  • You are being treated for a sexually transmitted disease
  • You had a blood transfusion between 1978 and 1985
  • You have any other concerns

Overweight and Obesity

The best way to learn if you are overweight or obese is to find your body mass index (BMI).

A BMI between 18.5 and 25 indicates a normal weight. Persons with a BMI of 30 or higher may be obese. If you are obese, talk to your doctor or nurse about seeking intensive counseling and getting help with changing your behaviors to lose weight. Overweight and obesity can lead to diabetes type 1 or type 2 and cardiovascular disease.

Sexually Transmitted Disease

Ask your doctor or nurse whether you should be screened.

Tuberculosis (TB)

Ask your doctor about the Mantoux test if you have been in close contact with people with known or suspected TB.

Take Steps to Good Health

  • Be physically active and make healthy food choices. Learn how at or talk to your doctor about nutrition counseling
  • Get to a healthy weight and stay there
  • Balance the calories you take in from food and drink with the calories you burn off by your activities
  • Be tobacco free. For tips on how to quit, go to To talk to someone about how to quit, call the National Quitline: 1-800- QUITNOW (784-8669)
  • If you drink alcohol, have no more than two drinks per day if you are 65 or younger. If you are older than 65, have no more than one drink a day. A standard drink is one 12-ounce bottle of beer or wine cooler, one 5-ounce glass of wine, or 1.5 ounces of 80-proof distilled spirits.

This information is based on research from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF).

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality